Japan, Ireland, Israel, Turkey, France, Iran, Ukraine, Belarus. AP COURSE AND EXAM DESCRIPTIONS ARE UPDATED PERIODICALLY Please visit AP Central (apcentral.collegeboard.org) to determine whether a more recent course and exam description is available. Almost the entire population of what are today Albania and Kosovo were converted to Islam, and significant numbers were converted in portions of modern-day Bosnia and Bulgaria as well. Boundaries in shatterbelts tend to be fluid and often contested, due to the fact that such political divisions frequently cross cultural regions, splitting ethnic groups between two or more countries. To cause (a group, party, state, or sect) to become unified again after being divided. monoglot. 8. AP Human Geography: Political Patterns This section of the course introduces students to the nature and significance of the political organization of territory at different scales. A political-territorial system wherein a central government represents the various entities within a nation-state where they have common interests, Redistricting for advantage, or the practice of dividing areas into electoral districts to give one political party an electoral majority in a large number of districts. AP Human Geography > Chapter 8 Vocab > Flashcards Flashcards in Chapter 8 Vocab Deck (15) ... Balkans and Israel (shatterbelt), Amsterdam ... My definition: study that analyzes geography, history and social science with reference to international politics. Neocolonialism definition, the policy of a strong nation in seeking political and economic hegemony over an independent nation or extended geographical area without necessarily reducing the subordinate nation or area to the legal status of a colony. Preclearance: Prior to 2013, redistricting plans in some states had to be “precleared” by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) or a three-judge panel in DC, due to past federal discrimination cases regarding violation of the Voting Rights Act. The classic example of a shatterbelt is southeastern Europe, especially the Balkan Peninsula. Has a defined territory, a permanet population, a government, and is recognized by other states. 4 Diagnostic Tests 225 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept. A majority of the Slavic-speaking peoples in the region retained their Christian religious identity, but they too were divided into Roman Catholics (Slovenes, Croatians) or Orthodox Christians (Serbs, Montenegrins, Macedonians, Bulgarians) whose relationships were frequently antagonistic. Those challenges are rooted in history and countries (also called states) must deal with the boundaries left to them by past generations. 41. the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture. Shatterbelt. Nation 3. In a more modern context, shatterbelts often hold what Samuel Huntington has described as “civilizational fault lines,” a key concept in his “clash of civilizations” thesis. The term has been applied by political geographers to a number of places since the SecondWorldWar, especially East Central Europe, but also SoutheastAsia, the Middle East, and Africa. The collapse of the Ottoman Empire afterWorldWar I, the subsequent creation of Yugoslavia, and four decades of the Cold War only temporarily subsumed the turbulent character of this shatterbelt, as witnessed by the violent birth of seven new countries, most of which had never been independent previously, between 1991 and 2008. AP Exams are regularly updated to align with best practices in college-level learning. Inclsionary- Meant to facillitate trade and movement, When a physical feature such as a mountain or river determine a political boundary. Shatterbelt. Kosovo’s independence in the latter year indicates that shatterbelts will remain volatile regions well into the 21st century. The term has been applied by political geographers to a number of places since the SecondWorldWar, especially East Central Europe, but also SoutheastAsia, the Middle East, and Africa. Shatterbelt: A large, strategically located region that is occupied by a number of conflicting states and is caught between the conflicting interests of adjoining Great Powers; a zone of chronic political splintering and fracturing: Sovereignty: Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states: State AP Test Studying. a large body of people, associated with a particular territory, that is sufficiently conscious of its unity to seek or to possess a government peculiarly its own. About AP Human Geography. History shows us that those challenges can and do lead to civil unrest, protest, and armed conflict. AP Human Geography Chapter 5 Vocab. What is shatterbelt? 00762-133-CED-Human-Geo_FM.indd 3/14/19 9:36 PM Need help studying?! A shatterbelt is an area of instability between regions with opposing political and cultural values. Fall 2019. Regions classified as shatterbelts are characterized by states or territories that have a large degree of ethnic, linguistic, and/or religious diversity, and a history of antagonism and hostility between the groups living there, and can result from the balkanization of larger political entities. outside or beyond the authority of one national government, as a project or policy that is planned and controlled by a group of nations. From the 16th century to the early 20th century, the Ottoman Empire controlled large swaths of the Balkans at various times, and imposed Islamic culture on many of the peoples under its rule. a zone of great cultural complexity containing many small cultural groups. The term also is used to refer to ethnic conflict within multiethnic states. shatter belt. Trust me it is worth your time! A region of persistent political fragmentation due to devolution and centrifugal forces. AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY. 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