Precipitation is often concentrated in violent storms, causing erosion and flash floods. Central Hill Country. [19] The Dead Sea is 1,020 square kilometers (394 sq mi) in size and, at 420 meters (1,378 ft) below sea level, is the lowest surface point on the earth. Updates? Israel is on the eastern Mediterranean, bordered by Lebanon and Syria to the north, the Palestine National Authority (West Bank) and Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the south. [35] In winter, precipitation often takes the form of snow at the higher elevations of the central highlands, including Jerusalem. a. The population of Israel includes Israeli settlers in the West Bank. The Court found that Israel must immediately cease the construction of the Wall and repeal or render ineffective all measures taken which unlawfully restrict or impede the exercise of the rights of the inhabitants of the West Bank; furthermore, Israel was found to be under an obligation to make reparation for all damage caused. [19] Geographically it is an extension of the Sinai Desert, forming a rough triangle with its base in the north near Beersheba, the Dead Sea, and the southern Judean Mountains, and it has its apex in the southern tip of the country at Eilat. Columns of salt rising from the extremely saline waters of the Dead Sea. Most of the country’s remaining streams are ephemeral and flow seasonally as wadis. Israel is on the eastern Mediterranean, bordered by Lebanon and Syria to the north, the Palestine National Authority (West Bank) and Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the south. In rare occasions, snow gets to the northern mountain peaks and only in extremely rare occasions even to the coast. It includes country boundaries, major cities, major mountains in shaded relief, ocean depth in blue color gradient, along with many other features. [1] Along the coast, sea breezes have a moderating influence in … When most people think of ancient Israel, they think of a hot, dry desert where people lived in tents. You need to be a group member to play the tournament Area : 20 770 Km2: Water : 2.1 % Lands under cultivation : 21 % Wild pasture lands : 7 % Forests : 6 % Min. [35] In the extreme south, rainfall averages near 30 millimeters (1.18 in) annually; in the north, average annual rainfall exceeds 900 millimeters (35.4 in). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The deficit in slip that has built up since the 1033 event is sufficient to cause an earthquake of Mw ~7.4. [30] The northern tributaries to the Jordan are the Dan, Banias, and Hasbani. These include copper, phosphates, bromide, potash, clay, sand, sulfur, asphalt, and manganese. Israel - Physical geography . [35], Thunderstorms and hail are common throughout the rainy season and waterspouts occasionally hit the Mediterranean coast, capable of causing only minor damage. The city of Tel Aviv is on the coast and has a population of 1.2 million, 99% of which is Jewish. Israel is a small country with a relatively diverse topography, consisting of a lengthy coastal plain, highlands in the north and central regions, and the Negev desert in the south. Israel has a chronic water shortage, and its hydraulic resources are fully utilized: about three-fourths for irrigation and the remainder for industrial and household water use. Physical Features of the Holy Land. [1], Israel lies to the north of the equator around 31°30' north latitude and 34°45' east longitude. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. [6], Modern Israel is bounded to the north by Lebanon, the northeast by Syria, the east by Jordan and the West Bank, and to the southwest by Egypt. 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