It seems that the Sicilian war could be left to others. Text. When they were defeated in 45 BC, Gnaeus was executed, but Sextus was able to flee to Sicily. When Caesar crossed the Rubicon in 49 BC, thus starting a civil war, Sextus' older brother Gnaeus followed their father in his escape to the East, as did most of the conservative senators. After the death of his father, Pompey the Great, in 48BC and the execution of his older brother, Gnaeus Pompey the Younger three years later, Sextus Pompey, a skilled naval commander, took over the campaign started by his father. He was the last focus of opposition to the Second Triumvirate. Pompey met his wife Cornelia and his son Sextus Pompeius on the island of Mytilene. In addition, there is little evidence for any dissatis-faction with his government. Sextus Pompeius: Pirate King After the death of his father, Pompey the Great, and Cato at Utica, Sextus Pompeius and his brother, Gnaeus, led the last remaining resistance to Caesarian power from bases in Spain. When they were defeated in 45 BC, Gnaeus was executed, but Sextus was able to flee to Sicily. Both fled with the Republicans to Africa after Pharsalus, where Sextus probably accompanied Cato and his famous ‘March of the Ten Thousand’ to Utica. Sextus Pompeius was the youngest son of Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) by his third wife, Mucia Tertia. His older brother was Gnaeus Pompeius, from the same mother. Octavian was celebrating having brought peace to Italy and secured the coastline and, indeed, the grain supply. Octavian sought an opportunity to challenge Pomeius. Once they had eliminated their shared enemies, of course, Antony and Octavian turned on each other. These slaves would need to be armed in order to protect those flocks from wolves or other threats. In 35, allies of Octavian and Antony captured and executed Sextus Pompey, heir to Pompey Magnus—Julius Caesar's political brother-turned-arch-nemesis—whose naval forces had been harrying them. It may even have been that Pompeius was not firmly established in 45/44, his control tenuous. Where Plutarch gives Sextus only a minor role in the confused events surrounding the fall of the Roman Republic, Appian sees him as a more central figure, who might even have emerged as the final victor, so as to establish a dynasty of Pompeys, not Caesars. Left in Lesbos with his stepmother Cornelia during the campaign of Pharsalus (48), he accompanied his father to Egypt and after his murder went to Africa; after Thapsus (46) he joined his brother Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus in Spain, and during the campaign of Munda (45) commanded the garrison of Corduba. Sextus' wife Scribonia was the daughter of Lucius Scribonius Libo (consul of 34bc) and a woman of the Galba family (gens Sulpicius). His mother is an unnamed Roman woman. Known For: Pompey was a Roman military commander and statesman who was part of the First Triumvirate with Marcus Licinius Crassus and Julius Caesar. They would also have been relatively unsupervised. [13], Media related to Sextus Pompeius at Wikimedia Commons, "Sextus Pompeius" redirects here. A column was erected in the Forum which was decorated by the bronze rams that were looted from Pompeius’ ships. His two sons, Gnaeus and Sextus Pompey played minor roles after his death. Pompeius fled to the East with the troops he could extract from Sicily and appealed to Antony. After the death of his father, Pompey the Great, in 48 BCE, and the execution of his older brother Gnaeus Pompey the Younger three years later, Sextus Pompey, a … 31; ex S. C. Markoff Collection, Auction NAC 62, Zurich 2011, No. Start This article has been rated as Start-Class on the project's quality scale. Sextus escaped with a few ships to Asia, where he attempted to establish himself, but was forced to surrender to Marcus Titius, who put him to death. [10] Agrippa fought Sextus at Mylae in August 36 BC, and again a month later, while Lepidus and Statilius Taurus invaded Sicily. Yet, it is perhaps more likely that the slaves of Roman Sicily and, indeed, of Southern Italy, were employed in the rough and hilly ground to guard flocks. in Rom; † 35 v. Chr. Another... (full context)...Rome. Octavian (left) wears a laurel wreath. Octavian was defeated in the naval battle of Messina (37 BC), so he now turned to his friends Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Titus Statilius Taurus, both very talented generals. [1] In 39 BC, Sextus and the triumvirs signed for peace in the Pact of Misenum. In 41, he provided support for Antony’s family in their retreat from Italy after the Perusine War and may have supported Antony’s crossing to Brundisium. Brutus and Cassius lost the twin battles of Philippi and committed suicide in 42 BC. The triumvirate's legal lifespan was for five years. Sicily was also seen as a grain-producing area, which exported grain to the markets in Rome. Sextus Pompeius: Birthdate: estimated between 199BCE and 139BCE: Death: Immediate Family: Son of Gnaeus Pompeius Husband of Lucilia Father of Pompeia Strabo and Sextus Pompeius Virdoctus. As the son of Pompey the Great, Caesar’s chief political and military adversary, he was relentlessly pursued across the Roman world until he found safety in Sicily. Find the perfect sextus pompey stock photo. He formed the last organized opposition to the Second Triumvirate, in defiance of which he succeeded in establishing an independent state in Sicily for several years. She was the daughter of Lucius Scribonius Libo, consul of 34 BC and the niece of another Scribonia, the second wife of Octavian. He was able to prevent the easy transport of supplies from Italy to Antony and Octavian, but unable to prevent their forces crossing back and forth the Adriatic. Chr. Sicily was a good base to maintain resistance. If free men were revolting, they might have legitimate cause, but for the Romans slaves had no right to resist. But to call him a pirate robbed his cause of legitimacy. Sextus Pompeius Magnus Pius (c. 67 – 35 BC), also known in English as Sextus Pompey, was a Roman military leader and politician who throughout his life upheld the cause of his father, Pompey the Great, against the dictator Julius Caesar and his supporters, during the last civil wars of the Roman Republic. His father was Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (Pompey the Great) and Shakespeare had him as a major character in his play Antony and Cleopatra (1606–07). He received refugees from the proscriptions and operated in support of Brutus and Cassius in the next stage of the civil war. In Antony's absence, Octavian renewed the conflict against Sextus. Filter by post type. Shakespeare had him as a major character in his play Antony and Cleopatra (1606–07). Grid View List View. Octavian credited Antony with his share in the victory. This incident did not lead to a return to normality, but provoked yet another civil war between Caesar's political heirs and his killers: one of the latter, Decimus Brutus, wrote to M. Brutus and to Cassius that March that “we have nowhere to base ourselves, except for Sex. Sextus Pompeius was the youngest son of Pompey the Great and his third wife, Mucia. However, Sextus was by now prepared for strong resistance. 7) Abstract The archaeological record supports the theory that the period of Sextus Pompey's control of Sicily was prosper-ous. This article is within the scope of WikiProject Biography, a collaborative effort to create, develop and organize Wikipedia's articles about people.All interested editors are invited to join the project and contribute to the discussion.For instructions on how to use this banner, please refer to the documentation. Such raids would have carried off people and goods. Sicily may have seen some investment in estates from Roman elites and they may have brought slaves in to man their farms. Such statues made Octavian look almost divine, and the image on the coin had an association with Apollo. Together, the pair then journeyed to Spain as part of the protracted civil conflict with the still-living Julius Caesar. He then wondered where to go next. As an affine to both Sextus and Octavian, Scribonius Libo had played a role in brokering peace between Sextus and the Triumviri, and had very reluctantly abandoned Sextus in 36/35, in return for which he had received the consulship. 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