Crassus became a politician and used his wealth to gain support from senators. Rome: In a conversation with Cicero, Mark Antony makes an Implied Death Threat by mentioning Crassus' fate of having molten gold poured down his throat. Crassus was a wealthy Roman businessman of the first century BCE, and one of the three Romans who made up the first Triumvirate, along with Pompey and Julius Caesar. Historian Cassius Dio wrote that the enemy “poured molten gold into his mouth. Scaphism is a method of execution wherein the victim is covered with milk and honey, allowing insects and other vermin to devour him or her over a period of time. Crassus attacked Parthia not only because of its great source of riches, but because of a desire to match the military victories of his two major rivals, Pompey the Great and Julius Caesar. After his death, the Parthians allegedly poured molten gold down his throat, in a symbolic gesture mocking Crassus… Crassus and his generals were murdered. Crassus was born a wealthy man, but he lost his entire inheritance during the Marian-Cinnan proscriptions, in which he was forced to flee to Hispania (the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula). Mints: Crete. The method was widely used in Brazil, Haiti and South Africa. The Parthians apparently poured molten gold down Crassus’ throat as a final punishment for his greed. Crassus was reluctant to meet with the Parthians, but his troops threatened to mutiny if he did not. Here is the Loeb English translation of Cassius Dio 40.27: 27 1 and while Crassus even then delayed and considered what he should do, the barbarians took him forcibly … November 3, 2020 Uncategorized No Comments  (Marco Polo's version is that Al-Musta'sim was locked without food or water to starve in his treasure room), The Spanish in 16th-century Americas gave horrified reports that the Spanish who had been captured by the natives (who had learnt of the Spanish thirst for gold… Crassus was taken alive and, according to legend, executed by having molten gold poured down his throat as literal reference to his … 'More Dangerous Than a Thousand Rioters': Meet Lucy Parsons, Unsung Heroine of the Labor Movement, Information about the device's operating system, Information about other identifiers assigned to the device, The IP address from which the device accesses a client's website or mobile application, Information about the user's activity on that device, including web pages and mobile apps visited or used, Information about the geographic location of the device when it accesses a website or mobile application. Following Cinna's death, Crassus sided with Sulla against Marius, and, as one of his most able commanders, helped him gain control of Italy. In 87 B.C., when he was only 28, he fled Rome, after Marius had taken control of the city, and Crassus’ father and brother were killed for opposing them. Death: Molten gold poured down his throat Immediate Family: Son of Marcus Licinius Crassus and Axia Tertulla Crassus Husband of Caecilia Metella Father of Pompeius and Marcus Licinius Crassus Brother of Licinia Crassa Pilius and Publius Licinius Crassus Half brother of … Plutarch said that “before he (Crassus) went upon his Parthian expedition, he found his possessions to amount to seven thousand one hundred talents; most of which, if we may scandal him with a … Where and how exactly Dio obtained, this information is unknown, but it helped Roman prejudices about Parthian brutality. Weird & Wacky, Copyright © 2020 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company. Crassus got his revenge while commanding the left wing of Lucius Cornelius Sulla’s army, making a fortune from proscriptions himself. Crassus was reluctant to meet with the Parthians, but his troops threatened to mutiny if he did not. Following victory, Crassus now also seized the opportunity to vastly increase his personal wealth from the confiscation of the assets of declared enemies of the state (proscription) which included property, riches and a huge number of slaves. Another Roman general, Manius Aquilius, was executed by King Mithridates VI of Pontus in exactly this way in 88 BC, some 35 years before Crassus met his end. Third member of the ancient Near East the ancient world was a disastrous failure, in... Crassu… the death of Crassus were sent to King Orodes of Parthia the! Infospace Holdings, LLC, a Parthian pulled at Crassus ' reins, violence! 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