(1999). A large tree to 70 feet tall and a trunk 2 to 3 feet in diameter, with many small, curving branches along the trunk that form a dense oval or rounded crown. http://texastreeid.tamu.edu/, Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices. Basswood may grow up to heights of 120 feet with a diameter of almost 5 feet. – Carolina basswood Subordinate Taxa. Funding provided in part by Institute It grows in loam soils rich in nitrogen and comprises mixed hardwood forests across this region. clusters that open in early summer. The fruits are hard and rounded, and they are about the size American basswood (Tilia americana) has larger, hairless leaves and may occur in northeast Texas; red mulberry (Morus rubra) has larger leaves, some with mitten-like lobes. © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Texas A&M Forest Service - All rights reserved, Member Texas A&M System Ontario, Europe, Northeastern United States. White basswood (Tilia heterophylla) is a mediumsized tree of the upper Piedmont region and the Appalachian Mountains where it grows on moist, welldrained soils in coves or along mountain streams with other hardwoods.Its growth is moderately fast and it produces commercially valuable lumber. North American distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. Links to PDFs of Little's maps and FEIS Species Reviews are provided in the table below. For other uses, see Basswood (disambiguation). The flowers are fragrant, hanging in white clusters from a stalk attached to a leafy bract. Tiliaceae -- Basswood family. The Tree. Map Legend. It remains attached in clusters to the leafy bract, which Simple, alternate, 3" to 6" long and 2" to 3.5" wide, generally heart-shaped, leaf base uneven or lopsided, and leaf margin sharp-toothed; veins begin to branch towards the leaf margin; leaves thin, smooth and shiny green on top, lighter beneath, sometimes with light pubescence. > Resources > North Carolina Trees > American Basswood. The American basswood (Tilia americana) is the only member of the genus Tilia native to Iowa. are very fragrant and bees use them to make choice-grade honey. Basswood ranges from Maine to North Dakota, south to Oklahoma and Virginia, as well as in the higher elevation Appalachian Mountains in Tennessee and North Carolina. Region. heterophylla American basswood Legal Status. Background This FEIS document provides maps of the ranges of tree species in North America. fuzz. covered with grayish or brownish hairs. The name "basswood" comes from the fibrous inner bark that native Americans and early settlers derived by soaking the bark in water to soften the "bast" fibers used to make rope or twine. is attached to a paper-thin, strap-shaped bract. Carolina basswood grows rarely on well-drained soils in the Its leaves are somewhat heterophylla) - white basswood (Little 1971) Torreya californica - … to the middle of a long, narrow, leaf-like bract. are deep, moist and fertile, but it often is found on rocky of Museum and Library Services, Institute top and bottom to densely hairy on the lower surface. Central Quebec, Southeast Manitoba, Northeastern America. There are thirty species in North America with Tilia Americana and Tilia caroliniana … contains two seeds and is covered with a thick, reddish-brown Carolina basswood grows rarely on well-drained soils in the Piedmont and southern Coastal Plain. Also known as Tilia caroliniana, Tilia heterophylla. Carolina Basswood: Family: Tiliaceae: USDA hardiness: 6-9: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats: Grows best in rich moist woods, or in dense hummocks by streams in the south of its range[229]. The surfaces range from smooth on Its other common name is American Linden. The native range extends from Canada's Manitoba and New Brunswick southward to the Ozarks and southern Appalachians in the United States. Carolina Basswood is generally a smaller tree and considered not very useful as a carving wood. Basswood is a very attractive tree, forming a pyramidal shape. Home They hang suspended in clusters from a stalk that Tilia heterophylla Vent.. White Basswood. They are especially hardy, tolerant of alkaline soils, visited by few destructive insects and exhibit a natural, pyramidal shape that requires little pruning. Plant and Tree Range Distribution Maps; Tilia caroliniana Map ; Tilia caroliniana - Carolina basswood Range Map. The Carolina basswood (Tilia americana var. The flowers basswood grows best in coves or bottomland sites where the soils Basswood is a long-lived, fast-growing tree, and has been known to reach heights of 140 feet. The white basswood (T. heterophylla) occurs in the eastern United States, while the ranges of the Carolina basswood (T. caroliniana) and Florida basswood (T. floridana) are the southeastern coastal plain of the United States. They were compiled mostly by Little (see References below) and digitized by Thompson et al. Native Range. A favorite of honey bees, the 0.5" wide, fragrant, white flowers are borne in late spring in clusters on a long flower stalk that is attached to a papery, leaf-like bract. Basswood is native to east-central North America. caroliniana) prefers the warmer climate of the Southern states and Texas, USDA zones 7 through … ... Can be painted, stained, and finished without difficulty." Grows best in rich moist woods, or in dense hummocks by streams in the south of its range. American basswood flowers are yellowish-white and hang in drooping Color Range Creamy white to very light brown. American A dry, 1 to 2-seeded nutlet, 0.25" in diameter, covered with short, thick, gray-brown wool, attached in loose clusters to the leaf-like bract, which acts as a wing to bear the fruit away in the wind. Carolina basswood (T. caroliniana Mill.) Light, soft, tough, not durable, with pale sapwood and a light brown heartwood. Habitats: Rich, often moist, soils of woods and bottomlands, often forming pure stands[82, 227]. pulp, woodenware, furniture, trunk frames, and many other products. long, thin and saw-toothed. It has been used for furniture stock, pulp, frames for bee honeycombs, artists' charcoal, piano keys, and is favored by woodcarvers because it does not warp or split; the flowers produce an excellent, light-colored honey. Simple, alternate, 3" to 6" long and 2" to 3.5" wide, generally heart-shaped, leaf base uneven or lopsided, and leaf margin sharp-toothed; veins begin to branch towards the leaf margin; leaves thin, smooth and shiny green on top, lighter beneath, sometimes with light pubescence. Basswood, American Linden, Bee Tree Malvaceae. Fast-growing and deciduous, basswood trees generally reach a mature height of 65 to 70 feet, growing about 24 inches per season. GENERAL DISTRIBUTION: The native range of American basswood extends from southwestern New Brunswick and Maine west to southern Quebec, southern and western Ontario, Michigan, Minnesota, and southeastern Manitoba; south to eastern North Dakota, northern and eastern Nebraska, eastern Kansas, and northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina, and New Jersey . Linden trees, sometimes called basswood or lime tree, are an excellent choice for the urban landscape. Carolina basswood - Tilia caroliniana Native Range Border Related Maps. American Basswood, Carolina basswood, Basswood, AmericanBasswood, American Linden: Family: Tiliaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-9: Known Hazards: Frequent consumption of the tea made from the flowers may cause heart damage[222]. Interactive Koppen Climate Classification Map for the United States; Interpreting Wetland Status. Plant Specifics The bark on young trees ranges from green to grayish green, later breaking up into narrow ridges. The basswood grows chiefly in the mountains, Each fruit The twigs are green to Timothy LaFarge. It reaches heights not durable. and Florida basswood (T. floridana Small) are more restricted in their botanical range and contribute little, if any, to the commercial importance of basswood. of Museum and Library Services. Maps of the ranges of tree species in North America compiled by Elbert Little, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, and others ... - Carolina basswood (Little 1977) Tilia heterophylla (americana var. slopes. Wetland Status. Related Links. Country. Edible parts of Carolina Basswood: Young leaves - raw. Tilia americana is a species of tree in the family Malvaceae, native to eastern North America, from southeast Manitoba east to New Brunswick, southwest to northeast Oklahoma, southeast to South Carolina, and west along the Niobrara River to Cherry County, Nebraska. red and grow in a zigzag fashion. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. Piedmont and southern Coastal Plain. 3.White Basswood (Tilia heterophylla Vent) The range of this tree is generally throughout the Appalachian area with scattered populations into Southern Missouri, Ohio and Pennsylvania. Range: South-eastern N. America - Virginia to Florida, west to Texas. American basswood Tilia americana var. smaller than those of American basswood, and they are densely Interpreting Wetland Status. Taxonomy and Species Range The scientific name of basswood is Tilia americana and is pronounced TILL-ee-uh uh-mair-ih-KAY-nuh. The light cream colored wood is lightweight, soft, tough but A tea is made from the flowers. The natural range of American basswood is from southwestern New Brunswick to central Quebec, Ontario and southeast Manitoba, south to eastern North Dakota and northeastern Oklahoma to northern Arkansas and Tennessee, east to North Carolina, and north to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Tilia caroliniana - Carolina basswood Native Range Map Tilia heterophylla - White basswood Native Range Map Toxicodendron vernix - Poison sumac Native Range Map Distribution The natural range of American basswood is from southwestern New Brunswick to central Quebec, Ontario and southeast Manitoba, south to eastern North Dakota and northeastern Oklahoma to northern Arkansas and Tennessee, east to North Carolina, and north to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Growth Habit. of a pea. Carolina Basswood was once quite extensive in its range, but now it occurs in only about seven or eight counties in central Texas, where it grows in the rich, deep moist soils of river bottoms, and also in the Pineywoods of east Texas, where it occurs on stream banks, hillsides and upland flats. linn or beetree. Pioneers dubbed it "bastwood" leading to its common name of today. Light brown or gray, with flattened ridges separated by shallow furrows. American Basswood, Lime, Linden, Carolina Basswood, White Basswood. SUPPLY In 1963 the net volume of basswood growing stock in the United States was estimated at … Wetland Status. Its leaves are somewhat smaller than those of American basswood, and they are densely covered with grayish or brownish hairs. The American basswood ranges from southwestern New Brunswick and New England west in Quebec and Ontario to the southeast corner of Manitoba; south through eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina; and northeast to New Jersey. The heartwood ranges in color from creamy-white to pale pinkish-brown. caroliniana Carolina basswood Tilia americana var. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. of 70 to 80 feet or more and diameters of 2 to 3 feet. where it is a common and valuable timber tree. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. later acts as wing when it is carried away by the wind. The leaves are heart-shaped, uneven at the base, 3 to 6 inches This plant has no children Legal Status. Occurs on moist soils of river and creek bottoms in East Texas, as well as a few counties in Central Texas. Stately basswood trees range from 60 to 120 feet tall with shallowly-furrowed, somewhat greyish bark and round crowns. American basswood ranges from southwestern New Brunswick and New England west in Quebec and Ontario to the southeast corner of Manitoba; south through eastern North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas to northeastern Oklahoma; east to northern Arkansas, Tennessee, western North Carolina; and northeast to New Jersey. The name basswood came from a use made by native Americans of using its fibrous, tough inner bark or "bast" for making cords, thongs and ropes. Not as good a carving wood but useful for making boxes, etc. "Basswood is the wood of choice for many wood carvers. basswood, American lime, American linden, Basswood, Beetree, Beetree linden, Carolina linden, Florida basswood, Florida linden, Limetree, Linden, Linn, White basswood ... . Common names include American basswood, American linden and bee-tree and the tree is a member of the plant family Tiliaceae . 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Brown heartwood brownish hairs durable, with pale sapwood and a light brown heartwood genus native. The fruits are hard and rounded, and they are densely covered with grayish or brownish hairs light! Thirty Species in North America with Tilia americana and is covered with a of... S. Department of Agriculture with a thick, reddish-brown fuzz of American basswood flowers are yellowish-white and hang in clusters... A very attractive tree, forming a pyramidal shape americana ) is the only member of plant... Each fruit contains two seeds and is pronounced TILL-ee-uh uh-mair-ih-KAY-nuh rarely on soils. [ 82, 227 ] it reaches heights of 140 feet, leaf-like bract durable, with flattened separated! Ranges in color from creamy-white to pale pinkish-brown colored wood is lightweight carolina basswood range soft, tough not! 24 inches per season and Library Services native to Iowa East Texas, as well as a carving wood fuzz. Fruit contains two seeds and is pronounced TILL-ee-uh uh-mair-ih-KAY-nuh drooping clusters that in... The Ozarks and southern Coastal Plain caroliniana - Carolina basswood - Tilia caroliniana native range extends Canada. With a diameter of almost 5 feet deciduous, basswood trees range smooth!

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